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    Uncover the Invisible: Home-workers in Micro-Small -Medium Industries Based on “Putting-out” System (The Case Study of the Batik and Batik Convection Industry in a Sragen-Surakarta-Sukoharjo Cluster of Indonesia)

    Penulis : Arianti Ina R.H.
    Bidang Ilmu : Sosiologi
    Unit Peneliti : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Komunikasi
    Nomor Terbit : 9
    Vol/Tahun : 5/2011
    Penerbit Jurnal : Common Ground Publishing LLC
    Alamat Penerbit : Champaign, Illinois, USA
    ISSN : 1833-1882
    Keyword : Industry, Home-workers, “Putting-out” System, Capitalism, Gender
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    Micro-small-medium-scale industries (MSMsI) based on the “Putting-out” System (POS) with home-workers (HWs) have long existed in Indonesia, but recently show significant and prominent growth that is complex and different from POS in general. The POS works through decentralisation of production, where the largest part of the production processes are taken out from factory to the HWs and their families. This strategy that MSMsI employ to enhance efficiency and competitiveness, and which –at the same time marginalises the HWs– has not been exposed. This obscured POS phenomenon

    is the drive of this research. Accordingly, the research includes the following characteristics:

    the strategies applied include case-studies in gender-perspective; the commodity is batik (not general

    garment); applying cluster approach; the actors are entrepreneurs and HW; and gender analyses.

    The analyses focus on the dialectical relationships between capitalism logic and patriarchical values

    as shown in three-level relational dimensions, which are entrepreneur-HW, among HWs, and HW –

    family. It covers a literature discourse that describes ‘invisibility’ of POS and HW-based MSMsI and

    uncovers it. It is argued that the HW integration to the global market has contributed to the fundamental POS transformation processes, which differentiate it from the common POS. The transformation impacts generally push HW to take strategic roles in supporting the existence of the industry, but also push aside and marginalise female HW in particular. The POS transformation happens through deconstruction and reconstruction processes which maintain the exploitative and gender-biased relationships.